Immigration in 19th Century Brazil
During the 19th Century, the colonial planters in Brazil where preparing for the end of slavery. They sought immigration as a means of obtaining cheap labor and whitening Brazilian society. In order to get immigrants, the government started sponsoring immigration. They funded the passport and promised land to the immigrant. This land was called nucleos colonaias. There the immigrant population lived together and worked together like any regular plantation town. The problem arose on what lands where available for the immigrants. The plantation owners did not like giving up fertile land to outsiders. They simply wanted the immigrants to work on their own plantations as replacement for slaves (Costa 2000, 95). Thus, it occurred that the only land available for immigrants was infertile. Eventually, to survive, they were forced to integrate into a regular plantation.